Migraine

Lyon Primary Care

Primary Care Physicians located in Midtown, New York, NY

You don’t have to live with your migraines or other headaches. At Lyon Primary Care in Midtown, New York, NY, we offer treatments that give you real relief from your pain. Our family medicine specialist, Valerie Lyon, M.D., starts with identifying the type of headaches you’re having and then creates a personalized treatment plan that can relieve your symptoms and may even prevent future headaches. If need be, she can refer you to a highly respected migraine specialist for further treatment. Call our office today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Lyon.

Migraine Q&A

Lyon Primary Care

What causes headaches?

The causes of your headaches are as varied as the headaches themselves. Some are related to stress, lack of sleep, or poor posture — others may be related to certain forms of exercise, specific food additives, or skipping meals. It’s believed that migraines may be caused by genetics, environmental factors, or chemical imbalances in the brain.

What are the types of headaches?

We classify headaches as primary or secondary headaches. Primary headaches include:

  • Cluster headaches
  • Migraine headaches
  • Tension headaches related to stress or posture issues
  • Exercise-induced headaches


Secondary headaches are related to various underlying medical conditions, such as:

  • Sinus infections
  • Concussion
  • Dehydration
  • Dental problems

How do you identify headache types?

We carefully review the characteristics of your headaches to help identify the headache type and create an effective treatment plan. In certain cases, this includes referring you to a headache specialist.  You can help us form a more complete picture of your headaches by keeping a record (headache diary) which includes the date and time they occur, how long they last, and the symptoms you experience before, during, and after a headache.

Migraine symptoms, for instance, often include:

  • Throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation on one side of your head
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Extreme sensitivity to light and sound


You may also experience symptoms before and after your migraine, which can include:

  • Changes in mood
  • Food cravings
  • Dizziness and muscle weakness
  • Visual disturbances (aura) such as flashing lights just before a headache


The most common type of headache is a tension headache, which may cause:

  • Dull, aching head pain
  • The sensation of a tight band around your head
  • Tenderness in the muscles of your scalp, neck, and shoulders

What are the treatments for headaches?

Effective treatment typically depends on the type of headache you’re having as well as the frequency of your headaches. We start with a physical examination and in-depth review of your symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle factors that may be connected to your headaches. We might also ask you to keep a diary of your symptoms.

Your headache care plan may include:

  • Oral medications
  • Changes in diet or exercise habits
  • Stress management
  • Improved ergonomics at your workstation
  • Treatment for underlying medical conditions causing your headaches
  • Possible referral to a headache specialist


Call our office today to schedule an appointment.