Gynecology

Lyon Primary Care

Primary Care Physicians located in Midtown, New York, NY

You can rely on our team at Lyon Primary Car in Midtown, New York, NY, to deliver quality gynecologic care in a warm and patient-sensitive environment. Whether it’s time for your annual exam and Pap smear, or you’ve got a complicated issue you’d like to discuss, we take the time to listen and respond to your concerns. Call today for an appointment with our board-certified family medicine specialist, Valerie Lyon, M.D.

Gynecology Q&A

Lyon Primary Care

What is gynecology?

Gynecology is the branch of medicine that deals with the female reproductive system, which includes your pelvic structures as well as your breasts. As a primary care physician, Valerie Lyon, M.D., is trained in general health care as well as many of the conditions that affect your gynecologic health.  

What is a gynecologic exam?

A gynecologic exam focuses on your overall wellbeing as well as issues that are unique to women, such as your menstrual periods, hormone levels, and breast health. It involves a clinical exam of your breasts and pelvic region.

Depending on your age, we may also recommend screening or diagnostic tests, including:

  • Pap smear
  • Mammogram for women 40 and over


A gynecologic exam also gives us the opportunity to discuss gynecologic issues you may be experiencing or have questions about, including:

  • Heavy bleeding during menstrual periods
  • Symptoms of medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Urinary tract issues (such as stress incontinence)
  • Birth control options


Of course, we encourage you not to wait for an annual exam to see us if you’re having worrisome symptoms or would like guidance regarding your gynecologic health.

What is a Pap smear?

A Pap smear — also called a Pap test — is a diagnostic study we use to help determine the health of your cervix. It can identify precancerous or cancerous changes in your cervical tissue which are much more easily treated when caught early.

What happens during a Pap smear?

It's an in-office test that's often part of a well-woman exam or complete physical. We use special instruments to obtain a small sampling of your cervical cells, which we then prep and send to a lab for analysis.

If the test comes back positive for abnormalities — depending on the changes noted — we may recommend a repeat Pap smear in a few months or further study with a colposcopy. A colposcopy allows for a more detailed visual study of your cervix with a specially designed instrument that includes a small camera.


Call our office today to schedule an appointment.